Govardhan Puja

Govardhan Puja is performed on the next day of Deepawali. People also know it as Annakoot. This festival has great importance in Indian folk life. Human connection with nature is seen in this festival. This festival has its own belief and folklore. Godhan means cows are worshiped in Govardhan Puja. It has been said in the scriptures that the cow is as pure as the Ganges in the rivers. The cow is also said to be the form of Goddess Lakshmi. Just as Goddess Lakshmi provides happiness and prosperity, in the same way cow mother also provides health-wealth from her milk. His calf grows grains in the fields. In this way cow is revered and revered for the entire human race. In order to pay reverence to Gau, Govardhan is worshiped on the day of Kartik Shukla Paksha Pratipada and cow as its symbol.

Govardhan Puja कैसे करें गोवर्धन पूजा
Govardhan Puja कैसे करें गोवर्धन पूजा

When Krishna kept the Brajvasis on his youngest finger for seven days to avoid the torrential rains, and the gopikas lived happily in his shadow. On the seventh day, the Lord laid down Govardhan and ordered him to celebrate Annakoot by performing Govardhan Puja every year. Since then, this festival was celebrated in the name of Annakoot.

The story

There is a folklore in relation to Govardhan Puja. The legend is that Devraj Indra was proud. Lord Krishna, who is an avatar of the leeladhari Sri Hari Vishnu himself, created a play to break the pride of Indra. It was like this in the Lord's Leela that one day he saw that all the Brijwasis are making excellent dishes and preparing for some worship. Shri Krishna asked Mayaya Yashoda with great naivety, "Mayya, these people are preparing for whose worship" Hearing the words of Krishna, Maya Boli Lalla, we are preparing Annakoot for the worship of Devraj Indra. On the saying of Maiya, Shri Krishna said, "Why do we worship Indra?" Maia said that he rains which produces food, our cows get fodder from them. Lord Shri Krishna said that we should worship Govardhan Parvat because our cows graze there, due to this, Govardhan Parvat is venerable and Indra never gives darshan and is angry even if he does not worship, hence worshiping such arrogant Should not do.
All of Leeladhari's Leela and Maya worshiped Govarnaghan mountain instead of Indra. Devraj Indra deemed it an insult and started torrential rain. Seeing the rains like the holocaust, all the Brajwasis started cursing Lord Krishna, saying that all of them have done this by obeying it. Then Muralidhar put Murali in the waist and lifted the whole Govardhan mountain on his little finger and called all the Brijwasis to take refuge in it with their cow and calf. Seeing this Leela of Indra Krishna and became angry, it eventually rained more. To honor Indra, then Shri Krishna told Sudarshan Chakra that you should stay on top of the mountain and control the speed of rain and told Sheshnag that you make a ridge and stop the water from coming towards the mountain.
Indra kept on torrential rain for seven consecutive days when he realized that there could be no ordinary person to compete with him, so he reached Brahma Ji and narrated all the accounts. Brahma ji told Indra that the Krishna you are talking about is a visible part of Lord Vishnu and is the complete Purushottam Narayan. Hearing this from the mouth of Brahma, Indra was extremely ashamed and said to Shri Krishna that Lord I could not recognize you, so I sat erratically. You are kind and kind too, so forgive my mistake. After this, Devraj Indra worshiped Muralidhar and offered it to him.
Since this mythological event Govardhan Puja started to be performed. Brijwasis worship Govarghan mountain on this day. On this day, cow bulls are bathed and colored and a new rope is inserted around their neck. Cows and bulls are fed by mixing jaggery and rice.

Know how to do Govardhan Puja


Govardhan Puja festival is celebrated with great pomp on Karthik Shukla Pratipada after Diwali. In this, in the courtyard of a Hindu religious house, he worships Govardhan Nath ji with cow dung. Thereafter, he is offered a meal of Annakoot to please Giriraj Bhagwan (mountain), who is considered to be the deity of Braj.

Let's know what to do on this day

  • At around 5 am, Brahma Muhurta got up and retired from daily activities and bathed with oil on the body. 
  • Meditate on your favorite by wearing clean clothes. 
  • After that, in front of the main door of your place of residence or Devasthan, make cow dung in the morning with cow dung. 
  • Then decorate it with tree, branch and flower etc. Worship this Govardhan mountain duly with Akshat, flowers etc.
  •  After this, give the invited cows a bath on the night of Diwali. Then decorate the cows with different ornaments, mehndi etc. After that, worship them with the smell, intact, flower. 
  •  After this, offer Naivedya and pray to the following Mantra

लक्ष्मीर्या लोक पालानाम् धेनुरूपेण संस्थिता।
घृतं वहति यज्ञार्थे मम पापं व्यपोहतु।।
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