Deepavali is a four to five-day festival celebrated every autumn in the Northern Hemisphere by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and some Buddhists. One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, Diwali is the spiritual "victory of light over darkness, good over evil." And more than ignorance symbolizes knowledge. " Light is a metaphor for knowledge and consciousness. During the festival, temples, houses, shops and office buildings light up. Preparations and rituals for the festival usually last five days, with the climax occurring on the third day, the darkest night of the Hindu lunar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar, the festival typically falls in mid-October and mid-November.

Led by Diwali, celebrants will prepare by cleaning, repairing and decorating their homes and workplaces. Light up the interior and exterior of their homes with diyas (oil lamps or candles), worship for Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and wealth, light fireworks, and take part in family feasts, where sweets and gifts are distributed Huh. Deepawali is also a major cultural event for the Hindu, Sikh, Jain and Buddhist diaspora of the Indian continent.

The five-day festival began in the Indian subcontinent and is found in early Sanskrit texts. Deepawali is usually celebrated eighteen days after Dussehra festival, or regional equivalent, after the Dussehra festival, celebrating the first day of the festival when cleaning their homes and preparing rangoli on the floor. The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi, or the regional equivalent of Diwali for Hindus in the south of India. Western, Central, Eastern and Northern Indian communities observe the third day of Deepawali i.e. the day of Lakshmi Puja and the darkest night of the traditional month. In some parts of India, the day after Lakshmi Puja is marked with Govardhan Puja and Balipratipada, dedicated to the relationship between wife and husband. Some Hindu communities mark the last day as Bhai Dooj or regional equivalent, which is dedicated to the bond between sister and brother, while other Hindu and Sikh artisan communities mark this day as Vishwakarma Puja and They follow this by demonstrating their maintenance.

People of some other religions in India also celebrate their respective festivals with Diwali. Symbolizing the ultimate liberation of Jain Mahavir, the Jains observe their own Diwali, the Sikhs celebrated Bandi Chhor Divas for the release of Guru Hargobind from the prison of the Mughal Empire, while unlike other Buddhists, the Navar Buddhist celebrates Diwali of Lakshmi. Celebrate by worshiping, while Bengali Hindus usually celebrate Diwali by worshiping the goddess Kali.

Nomenclature and dates

Diwali is from Sanskrit Deepavali which means "line or chain of lights". The conjugated word is derived from the Sanskrit word Deepa, "lamp, light, lantern, candle, which shines, shines or gives knowledge" and Baoli, "A line, boundary, continuous line, series"

Deepavali-Diwali free HD images downlod
Deepavali-Diwali free images downlod

The five-day festival is celebrated every year in autumn after the conclusion of the summer harvest and is known as Amavasya, the darkest day in the Hindu lunar calendar. The festival begins on Dhanteras, two days before Amavasya, and after two days, extends to the second day of the first fortnight of the month of Karthik. One who specializes in religious sociology, the lunar month of Ashwin ends on this night and the month of Kartika begins. The darkest night is the top of the festivities and coincides with the second half.

The climax of the festival falls on the third day and is called the main Diwali. It is an official holiday in about a dozen countries, while other festivals are celebrated regionally as public or alternative holidays in India. In Nepal, it is also a multiple festival, although the days and customs are named differently, the climax is called a festival by Hindus and a Swanti festival by Buddhists.


The Diwali festival is a fusion of harvest festivals in ancient India. It is mentioned in both Sanskrit texts such as the Padma Purana, the Skanda Purana, which was completed in the second half of the first millennium. Diyas (lamps) are mentioned in the Skanda Kishore Purana as a symbol of parts of the sun, describing it as a cosmic giver of light and energy for all life and who is seasonal in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. Make the transition.

King Harsha refers to Deepavali, in the 7th century Sanskrit drama Nagananda, as Deeppratipadotsav where lamps were lit and newly engaged brides and bridegrooms received gifts. Rajasekhar referred to Deepavali in his 9th century poetry as Deepavali, in which he mentions the tradition of whitewashing of houses and decorated oil lamps in houses, streets and markets at night.

Deepavali-Diwali free HD images downlod
Deepavali-Diwali free images downlod

Diwali was also described by many travelers outside India. In his 11th-century memoir in India, Diwali, a Persian traveler and historian, was celebrated by Hindus on the new moon day of the month of Kartik. Nicolo de 'Conti, a businessman and traveler from Venice, visited India in the early 15th century and wrote in his memoir, "On one of these festivals, he had a myriad of oil inside his temples and outside the terraces. They light lamps. Those who keep burning day and night "and that families would gather," mold themselves in new clothes ", sing, dance and feast. The 16th-century Portuguese traveler Domingo Paes wrote of his visit to the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, where Deepawali was celebrated in October illuminating his home and his temples with lamps.

Islamic historians of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire period also referred to Diwali and other Hindu festivals. Some, particularly the Mughal emperor Akbar, welcomed and participated in the festivities, while others banned festivals such as Diwali and Holi, as Aurangzeb did in 1665.

British colonial era publications also referred to Diwali, such as a note on Hindu festivals published by Sir William Jones in 1799, a Sanskritist known for his early commentaries on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages. In his letter on the lunar year of the Hindus, Jones, who was then based in Bengal, mentioned four of the five days of Deepawali in the autumn months of Asvina-Cartika.


Deepavali is mentioned in stone and copper inscriptions, sometimes with words like Deepotsav, Deepavali, Divali and Diwali, which have been discovered at many sites across India. (939–967 CE) which mentions Deepotsav, and a 12th-century mixed Sanskrit-Kannada inscription discovered at the Isvara temple in Dharwad, Karnataka, where this inscription refers to the festival as a "sacred occasion" . The festival is mentioned as Dipotsavam in the Sanskrit verses 6 and 7 of the Ranganath temple of the 13th-century Kerala Hindu king Ravivarman Samagamadhira. "The auspicious festival of lights which spreads the deepest darkness, of the gods, the universal emperor, who knows the duties by the three Vedas, is here later celebrated in Ranga for Vishnu,

The religious significance of Diwali varies regionally within India. This festival is associated with various deities, traditions and symbolism. These variations show who, while maintaining local traditions, joined a Hindu festival with a shared spiritual significance and ritual grammar.

Deepavali-Diwali free HD images downlod
Deepavali-Diwali free images downlod

A tradition combines the celebration in the Hindu epic Ramayana, where Rama, the avatar of Vishnu, Sita, the incarnation of Lakshmi, Lakshman, the incarnation of Shesha, and Hanuman, the avatar of Shiva, arrived in Ayodhya on the day of Diwali after 14 years of exile

According to another popular tradition, in the Dwapara Yuga period, Lord Vishnu slaughtered the demon Narakasura as an avatar of Krishna, the evil king of Pragjyotishpura near present-day Assam and released 16000 girls killed by Narakasura. After the victory of Lord Krishna over Narakasura, Diwali was celebrated as the importance of the victory of good over evil. The day before Diwali is remembered as Naraka Chaturdashi, the day Narakasura was slaughtered by Lord Krishna.

Many Hindus associate this festival with Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and the consort of Vishnu. The beginning of the 5-day Deepavali festival is told in some popular contemporary sources, as the day Goddess Lakshmi was born with the churning of the ocean, the churning of the cosmic ocean of milk by the gods and asuras - a Vedic tale that many Puranas like the Padma Purana Is also found in Laxmi while Diwali is the night when Lakshmi chooses and marries Vishnu. Along with Lakshmi, who is the representative of Vaishnavism, Ganesha, the elephant-headed son of Parvati and Shiva of the Shaivite tradition, is remembered as one who symbolizes moral beginnings and redress of obstacles.

Deepavali-Diwali free HD images downlod
Deepavali-Diwali free images downlod

Hindus from eastern India associate this festival with the goddess Durga or her fiery avatar Kali, which symbolizes the victory of good over evil. Hindus from the Braj region of northern India, parts of Assam, as well as southern Tamil and Telugu communities view Diwali as the day when Lord Krishna conquered and destroyed the evil demon king Narakasura,

Business and business families and others also offer prayers to Saraswati, a symbol of music, literature and education, and Kubera, a symbol of book-keeping, funds and money management. In western states like Gujarat and some northern Hindu communities in India, the festival of Diwali marks the beginning of a new year.

The mythology shared on Diwali varies widely depending on region and even Hindu tradition, yet all have a general focus on the importance of righteousness, self-inquiry and knowledge,


Main article: Diwali

Jeffrey Long, a scholar of Jain and Hindu studies, states that Jain Diwali, celebrated in many parts of India, has similar practices to Hindu Diwali, such as the lighting of lamps and the prayer of Lakshmi. However, the focus of Jain Diwali is devotion to Mahavir. According to Jain tradition, this practice of lighting lamps first began in 527 BCE, on the day of Mahavira's nirvana, when the 18 kings gathered for the last teachings of Mahavira issued a proclamation, to be burnt in remembrance of "the great" . This traditional belief about the origin of Prakash, Mahavir Diwali and the importance of Jains is reflected in their historical artifacts such as paintings.


Main article: Captive Day

The Sikhs celebrated Bandi Chhor Divas commemorating the release of Guru Hargobind from the Gwalior Fort Jail by the Mughal emperor, Jahangir, and reaching the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Js According to Grewal, scholar of Sikhism and Sikh history, Diwali in the Sikh tradition is older than the legend of the sixth Guru Hargobind. The third Sikh Guru, Amar Das built a well at Goindwal at the feet of the eighties and as a community bond invited Sikhs to bathe in their sacred waters on Baisakhi and Diwali. Over time, these spring and autumn festivals became the most important of the Sikh festivals and holy sites like Amritsar became the focal point of annual pilgrimages. The festival of Deepawali, according to Ray Collage, throws light on three events in Sikh history

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